The abstract and annotated bibliography are essentially the same
assignment. An abstract may
generally be longer than a bibliography, but both serve a similar purpose. The point is to summarize an article or book for your
You begin by citing the source as you would for a "Works Cited"
page. Use the correct style
guidelines as requested by your professor.
If not specified, you may use MLA, APA or any other style that works best
Below the citation, summarize the work.
You may want to give a brief background on the author(s), including
information about the author's training or expertise.
Then, review the main points of the work. You are allowed to note any inherent biases the piece may
have, but try to maintain an objective viewpoint.
Also, write using a formal tone. This
is one of those papers where you want to avoid using the word "I."
Although the length may vary, an annotated bibliography typically has 150
words or less. Abstracts tend to be
longer, yet there is no determined limit to how long it can be. Consult your professor if you have questions about the
An annotated bibliography looks like this:
Arliss, L. P., & Borisoff, D.J. (Eds.), (1993). Women
& Men Communicating: Challenges and Changes. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace
Jovanovich College Publishers.
Arliss and Borisoff are
Associate Professors of Speech Communication in New York. Their book builds upon the work following the women's
liberation movement of the 1970s and offers a contemporary view of gender roles.
Arliss and Borisoff focus particularly on changes occurring in the early
1990s, a time when educational opportunities had expanded to women and men were
encouraged to explore their emotional makeup.
Considerable sections of the book are dedicated to why men and women
communicate differently, communicating in personal relationships and
communicating in professional environments.