What is social studies? Why teach social studies? How would the world be different if social studies did not exit? What is actually taught in social studies? What resources guide today's social studies teachers?
The purpose of this module will be to prompt you to begin thinking like a social studies teacher ---- a teacher who has the background to make decisions relating to both pedagogy and content. This will be one of the philosophical sections of the course where you will be building the foundation on which you will build your social studies teaching philosophy.
- Citizenship education
- Social Studies/history
- Missouri Showme Standards/Framework for Curriculum Development in Social Studies
- NCSS Curriculum Standards
- Missouri Curriculum Framework pp vii-27, p. 129-130, Good Practices 167-189, This hyperlink will open to the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. Click on Overview of Frameworks, p. 1-26; Good Practices, pp 167; This will open a file that can be read only by "unzipping" with a program as Acrobat Reader. Make the proper adjustment on your computer so that the font size is read easily. If you are using Acrobat there will be an image that looks like a mignifying glass with a 100% or something like that. Adjust the number. [It might be easier for you to read this in hardcopy but the cost of the printed book is about $35.00]
- National Standards for Social Studies Expectations for Excellence from National Council for Social Studies This link contains the "official" national standards for social studies education in the U.S. Read the sections "What is Social Studies" and "How Do We Achieve Excellence in Social Studies."
AS YOU READ THE ABOVE Missouri Curriculum Framework
- Course Textbook.
National Standards for Social Studies
- What is the "vision" for Missouri Schools? To meet the challenge for the 21st century students must....
- The five provisions of the Outstanding Schools Act...
- Explain what the Show-me Standards/Curriculum Frameworks are...
- p.1 Missouri. The major purpose of public education is...
- The content or knowledge base of social studies comes from what disciplines...
- "When considering what to teach from history and the social sciences, choose..."
- "Social studies educators are obligated to communicate a vision of...."
- According to the State of Missouri, a "quality social studies program" will include four major components. These are...
- Five questions that a quality social studies program will address
- "The challenge for teachers is to help students learn how to be more effective in discussing...."
- How does the term "integration" relate to the third major component of a quality social studies program?
- Missouri defines/describes a "strand" as...
- The Missouri strands are developed around the following four "Fundamental Questions" and the five "Academic Perspectives"
- Review the Missouri book to p. 27. Become comfortable with how the Missouri social studies program is organized and how the book will become a resource for you. "A Handy Guide to Use of the Framework"
- p. 167 A quality social studies program will have these three components.....
- The State of Missouri asks five sub questions that relate to the big topic of "why teach social studies"? How would you begin answering the five questions on p. 167+
- What are values? Should social studies teachers deal with values?
- How might you respond to a parent who is concerned that you are dealing with a "controversial issue?"
- Carefully review the "sound teaching principles" on p. 170 and 171. Which of the Dynneson and Gross principles do you feel are the most important? Which of the ten items listed on p. 171 are you most comfortable in doing right now? Which of the principles do you need to further develop?
- What do the terms "scope and sequence" refer to?
- What are the high school graduation requirements in Missouri for social studies/history?
- Review the Bradley Commission major topics that should be considered for in-depth studies in US history and the following major topics for world history. Given a limited amount of time, select what you feel to be the most important three topics from each list. Why is this item on your list?
This is a hyperlink to the NCSS main electronic document. On the page, look for the key words or questions that are listed below
- What is social studies? What is the primary purpose of social studies according to the National Council for Social Studies?
- What will social studies do for students K-12? How will students or adults be "different" if they are never exposed to social studies education?
- "Introduction" The four major components of a quality social studies program are... K+S+V=Quality Study these carefully. What does Civic Action mean?
- Thematic Strands in Social Studies What are the ten central strands of the NCSS recommendations for social studies? For the time being, scan the information about each of the central strands. Eventually you will come back to these.
1. Computer delivered quiz on the above material and textbook readings.
2. Response to parent inquiry. See below and refer to scoring guide.
Today you received the following note from a parent. Your task is to respond to the parent. This is early in the school year and you really don't know much about the parent. Ideally you would like to visit with the parent and have a face to face conference; but, that is not possible right now. You will need to respond in writing.
Last night I looked at the textbook that my daughter received for your class.... I thought to myself.... here we go again. This is the third time that she has studied American history. Why does she need to repeat this class again, having taken it already in the 5th grade and the 8th grade? History classes just seem to be a mish-mash of the same old stuff each year.
My experience with history---from grade school all the way through college---has been that we memorize dates, battles and generals. Added to this we have memorized the capitals of all the countries of the world and "important" information like the number of tons of tin that Bolivia exports. I have never really found information like the above to be useful in the real world: simply, it does not put bread on the table.
All of the history teachers I have had use the same basic instructional pattern: read the textbook, answer the questions at the end of the chapter, have a discussion of the text and then a test on Friday. I am not a teacher but this really doesn't make sense to me. I am also concerned that rather than teaching history you will be dealing with controversial topics like racial relations, gun control, the United Nations, the death penalty. Is this really what public schools should be doing?
I am not sure that you have any vision about the purpose and nature of social studies in today's schools. I don't want to have to come home from work each night and then conduct a social studies class for my children.
Definitely I would like to talk to you about my concerns; but, I will be on a business trip to China for the next three weeks. The best way to communicate with me is through a Webpage. I have your main URL. I will find it if you create a sub directory called /philosophy.html I am expecting to find your response on the above Webpage in seven days. Have a good day!
Mr./Mrs./Ms. I.M. Good
What will you do? How will you respond? Exactly, what issues is the parent raising and how do you respond to these in a mature, diplomatic, reasoned and 'scholarly' manner? Based upon the above readings what might you tell this parent?
[Oh yes.... the letter happens to be from the president of the local school board. Right now your school is requiring four units of history/social studies. You have heard rumors that this person is trying to reduce the social studies/history graduation units to the state minimum and increase the graduation requirements for business, science and math. If this happens, your school will need three less social studies/history teachers----guess who is on the bottom of the seniority list!]
Your paper will be written with standard English and without grammatical or spelling errors. The "paper" will be based more than just your current opinions---you will demonstrate evidence of having read, integrated and reflected about the above materials. Make specific reference to the NCSS and Missouri electronic documents that you reviewed. You do not need to use footnotes, but make specific references to your readings within your writing as "Dr. Shaver says....." You will be developing your personal "rationale for social studies education."
You will directly explain your position about character/values education and which of the major strategies for teaching social studies you accept and will be using.
What are "five things" that you hope all of you students will learn from your social studies class? How do you justify the amount of valuable school time it will take for your students to learn these "things"?
Include within your paper the results from the adult survey.
The "paper" will be approximately five electronic pages long. Remember that this will be developed as a WEBpage with the URL as http://www.missouriwestern.edu/jra5434/philosophy.html You will change the green jra5334 to your MWSC userid.
This paper will/can become one of the major pieces of your electronic portfolio. [So, do some deep thinking and writing!]
[Avoid statements like "we need to study history so that we will not repeat the mistakes of the past."]
Final Paper Format:
Refer to the scoring guide/rubric to the module. High light each of the scoring guide content items on the parent letter with a different color ink. This might break-up what might be a normal flow of words to the parent but do it anyway.
After writing/developing your rationale/purpose, develop a synopsis of one paragraph that contains the essence of your response to the parent. Put the synopsis on the top of the page and under your name.
Write a personal reflection on this module? How was it beneficial to you in terms of learning to be a social studies teacher? Place your reflections on the bottom of the letter to the parent. Highlight the section with Personal Refelections.
TITLE: Social Studies Education--A Rationale
FOCUS: Reflection and Development of a Personal Rationale for Social Studies Education
PEDAGOGICAL STANDARDS: 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9
NATURE OF EVIDENCE STANDARDS Testing
- Learning and Development
- Critical Thinking & Problem Solving
- Inquiry, Collaboration & Supportative Interaction
- Planning Instruction
- Reflection & Professional Growth
- Professional Leadership
TYPE OF TASK STANDARD ELEMENTS LOCATION Integrative/Multiple Social studies teachers should possess the knowledge, capabilities and dispositions to
- provide learning opportunities at the appropriate school levels that support learner intellectual, social and personal development
- use at appropriate school levels a variety of instructional strategies to encourage student development of critical thinking, problem solving, and performance skills
- use at the appropriate school levels media communication techniques that foster active collaboration
- plan instruction for the appropriate school levels based on understanding of subject matter, students, the community and curriculum goals
- develop as reflective practitioners and continuous learners
- foster cross-subject matter collaboration and other positive relationships with school colleagues and positive associations with parents and others in the larger community to support student learning and well being
Secondary Social Studies Methods Course Hist 465